Carnegie and Ford

My assignment today was to write an essay about the Industrial age in America. I already wrote an essay on the industrial revolution (here) which is the same thing, so I’m going to tell you a little bit about two of the leading businessmen of the day, as well as how they impacted the United States.

Andrew Carnegie

Carnegie (age 16) with his little brother

Andrew Carnegie was born in Scotland to a poor/middle-class family.  They immigrated https://www.carnegiecouncil.org/people/andrew-carnegie/_res/id=Picture/thumbnail=1/width=170/quality=100to America when he was a young teenager, where he soon got a job in a factory as a bobbin boy.  Carnegie was able to get out of the factories, and with the help and influence of his uncle, he got a job as a telegraph messenger. He was so fast at transmitting messages that a railroad businessman took notice of him and hired him as his secretary.  Even though Carnegie was his employee, the man took great interest in him and acted almost like a mentor to him.  Under this businessman’s recommendation, Carnegie saved his money and started investing it in stocks.  The young man had a good eye for deals, and he eventually became pretty well-to-do.  Carnegie then started the Keystone Bridge Co.  During the War (U.S. civil war) the need for iron and steel was growing by the day, so Carnegie and some other men started a steel rolling mill.  He went on to start his own steel company called Carnegie Steel Co. which made him one of the very richest men in America in those days.  Andrew Carnegie is also known for his great philanthropic additions to society.  A few of the notable things that he financed are: Carnegie Hall, Carnegie Endowment for National Peace, Carnegie Institution for Science, Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, and many more.

 

 

Henry Ford

Image result for Henry fordHenry Ford; we’ve all heard the name. The man that brought down the price of cars so much that they were now available for the common people, not just the wealthy. He was the inventor of the Model T, and the man who had the first assembly line system in his factories.

Henry Ford was good at tinkering with things and making them work. At the age of 15, he completely took apart a pocket watch and put it back together again, earning himself the reputation of expert watch repairman.  Ford’s first real job was as an apprentice machinist for a company called James F. Flower & Bros.  He got another job as a machinist at the Detroit Dry Dock Company before returning home to the family farm.  He learned how to repair and work on the Westinghouse steam engines, and got hired by Westinghouse to be the repairman.  Ford became an engineer in the Edison Lighting Co, where he worked himself up to the position of chief engineer.

Ford and his wife in the Quadricycle

About this time Ford started experimenting with gas engines and moving things with them. He called his first vehicle a Quadricycle.  Eventually Ford left Edison’s company and started the Detroit Automobile Company.  It turned out to be a failure.

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Model T

After another rocky start, the Ford Motor Co. came to life, introducing the Model T in October of 1908.

 

Ford had found a way to make cars cheap enough, sturdy enough, and wanted by the common people enough, to have a huge business.  He was the first man to implement the assembly line system into his factories.  The parts of the cars would come slowly down a moving belt, and each person had a specific little thing that they did to each part passing by them.  It was very monotonous work, but Ford made it worth his employees while, often paying them twice as much as other companies payed there employees.  During WWI,  Henry Ford started an airplane business, but it shut down due to the great depression.  Henry Ford died in April of 1947, leaving behind a massive car company, and a revolutionized automobile industry.

 

 

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The Industrial Revolution (1760-1840)

Today I am going to be writing about a couple of the inventions that helped the Industrial revolution in the United states take place.  Many advancements were made during this time, such as the introduction of coal as a power source (instead of just fire-wood), the invention of the Steam Locomotive, Telegraph, Telephone, Light-Bulb, Steam Boat, and many other things.

The first thing that we are going to talk about is the Cotton Gin.  It was invented by a man named Eli Whitney, in 1793.  At this time, there were still slaves all over the place working at plantations. Their masters would grow Cotton, and then they would force their slaves to pick the millions of tiny black seeds out of the cotton. The Cotton Gin did this for them.  You would feed the cotton in, turn the handle continuously, and it would come out seed free!

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The Cotton Gin

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The next invention is the Steam Locomotive.  This was a huge thing, because it enabled people and equipment to travel somewhat quickly across the United States to the West, where they populated and settled it much quicker than if the long journey would have had to be made on foot.  The first Steam Locomotive was made By Richard Trevithick.
Image result for richard trevithick  Image result for steam locomotive

The third invention that we are going to look at is the Telegraph and Morse Code.  A man named Samuel Morse had an experience in which his wife was dying, he was away, and due to the lack of quick communication, he didn’t know that she had even been sick until she was already dead and her funeral was over.  After that, he dedicated his life to finding some way to make communication quicker.  What he produced is truly amazing.  It is called Morse Code, and it is still used today.  It was a code made up of dashes and dots that were be portrayed in bursts of electricity (making a tapping sound) traveling through wires and to telegraph offices across the country. From there, they would be put into words by telegraph operators and given to whoever the telegraph was sent to.

Image result for Samuel MorseImage result for Samuel MorseImage result for morse code machine

These are just a few of the many important inventions that revolutionized our world during the 17 and 1800s.  There isn’t time to write about all of them, so I tried to pick a few of the most important ones.

-Odessa