Two Confederate Generals in the Civil War

Today I am going to be writing about two Confederate Civil War generals; Nathan Bedford Forrest and Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard (PGT Beauregard)

Nathan Bedford Forrest

Nathan B. Forrest - LOCc.jpgNathan Bedford Forrest was a Confederate commander during the civil war. He survived the war and afterwards went on to be one of the earliest members of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK).
Forrest was born on July 13, 1821 in Chapel Hill, Tennessee.   When he was 17 years old, his father and twin sister died from scarlet fever and he became the oldest man in the family.  Once he was grown up, Forrest became a wealthy plantation owner.  He made a fortune on real estate investments and slaves (he was a slave trader in addition to running a plantation and buying and selling land).  When the Civil War started in 1861, his first position was in Captain Josiah Whites Tennessee Mounted Rifles.  His 15 year old son William joined along side him.  Forrest was soon promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, and from there he was told to go and recruit and train a group of mounted soldiers.  Then, he was put in charge of the 3rd Tennessee Cavalry.  Forrest was a natural at leading men in battle. He didn’t have any major military training, but he used common sense and was an outstanding leader and a good tactician.  He was an excellent swordsman and rider also.  He fought at Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Murfreesburo, Chickamauga, Tupelo, Nashville, and many more.  Throughout the course of the war, Forrest was promoted many times.  By the end, he was Lieutenant General.  After the war, Bedford Forrest became a member of the Ku Klux Klan.  He died on October 29, 1877 in Memphis, Tennessee.

 

P.G.T. Beauregard

Related imageAlso called “Little Napoleon” and the “little Frenchman”, Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard was a Confederate General in the Civil war.  He was the commander in the first battle of the war; Fort Sumter.

Beauregard was born on May 28, 1818, at the Saint Bernard Parish in Louisiana.  He entered the West Point Military academy when he was a teenager, and graduated second in his class.  The things that he was best at during the academy were military engineering and artillery.

Beauregard fought in the Mexican-American war, so by the time the civil war broke out, he already had a bit of experience.  He fought at Fort Sumter (he was the general, actually), Bull Run, Shiloh, Charleston Harbor, Corinth, Petersburg, Fort Wagner, Bentonville, and at many other battles in the Civil War.  After the war, Beauregard became a railroad executive in Louisiana.  He died on February 20th, 1894, in New Orleans, Louisiana.

 

 

 

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The Industrial Revolution (1760-1840)

Today I am going to be writing about a couple of the inventions that helped the Industrial revolution in the United states take place.  Many advancements were made during this time, such as the introduction of coal as a power source (instead of just fire-wood), the invention of the Steam Locomotive, Telegraph, Telephone, Light-Bulb, Steam Boat, and many other things.

The first thing that we are going to talk about is the Cotton Gin.  It was invented by a man named Eli Whitney, in 1793.  At this time, there were still slaves all over the place working at plantations. Their masters would grow Cotton, and then they would force their slaves to pick the millions of tiny black seeds out of the cotton. The Cotton Gin did this for them.  You would feed the cotton in, turn the handle continuously, and it would come out seed free!

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The Cotton Gin

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The next invention is the Steam Locomotive.  This was a huge thing, because it enabled people and equipment to travel somewhat quickly across the United States to the West, where they populated and settled it much quicker than if the long journey would have had to be made on foot.  The first Steam Locomotive was made By Richard Trevithick.
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The third invention that we are going to look at is the Telegraph and Morse Code.  A man named Samuel Morse had an experience in which his wife was dying, he was away, and due to the lack of quick communication, he didn’t know that she had even been sick until she was already dead and her funeral was over.  After that, he dedicated his life to finding some way to make communication quicker.  What he produced is truly amazing.  It is called Morse Code, and it is still used today.  It was a code made up of dashes and dots that were be portrayed in bursts of electricity (making a tapping sound) traveling through wires and to telegraph offices across the country. From there, they would be put into words by telegraph operators and given to whoever the telegraph was sent to.

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These are just a few of the many important inventions that revolutionized our world during the 17 and 1800s.  There isn’t time to write about all of them, so I tried to pick a few of the most important ones.

-Odessa

 

 

 

John Cabot

John Cabot was an Italian explorer, who explored for  England.  He headed up two explorations. The first voyage turned out well. Cabot and his crew landed on Newfoundland. The second voyage, though, ended in disaster.

Cabot was born in 1450, in Venice.  His father was a spice merchant.  When he was a boy, he would go to the docks and talk to the Italian sailors.  He learned a lot about navigation and sailing from them.  Cabot got married when he was twenty-four years old and had three sons.

John Cabot moved to England in 1488, because of financial troubles. There were rumors going around that he was being chased by the people he owed money to, so he figured he should just leave the country.  He decided that he wanted to go exploring.  His timing was just right. England was seeing a lot of the countries around them going into other countries and establishing colonies. They wanted to get in on the game now. So, King Henry IV commissioned him to go to the new world, and claim some of it for England.

In 1497, Cabot left the port with 18 men, and one ship called The Matthew.  Fifty days later, they landed on what is now Newfoundland. Like other explorers before him, Cabot thought that he was in Asia. He returned to England, and then he was sent on another exploration.  This time, he left the port with 300 men and five ships. This second exploration ended quite strangely.  The whole 300 man crew and all five ships mysteriously disappeared.

Nobody knows what happened to John Cabot and his second exploration, but he is credited with being the first European man to set foot on the mainland of North America since Leif Erickson and the Vikings.