TV and Movies

When you think of the word entertainment, what comes to mind? Most likely your favorite TV show or your new favorite movie. Today I am going to tell you about the evolution of television, and my thoughts about it.  It all started with photographs, then moving pictures were developed, then silent films, and finally; movies and animation.

 

First Moving Pictures:

The first ever moving picture was made by Eadweard Muybridge in 1880.  He was the first person to figure out how to make pictures move like real life.  He set up a whole row of cameras with trip wires, so that when the wires were tripped, the camera would take a picture.  He had a horse and rider run in front of the cameras, capturing a whole bunch of pictures of a running horse.  Then he played the film in one of his inventions; the zoöpraxiscope, giving the illusion of an actual moving horse (see the moving picture above). I found this interesting video on how the Zoopraxiscope works.

 

Developments and Innovations:

Over the next couple of years, innovators took the moving picture idea and ran with it.  George Eastman invented a type of film to replace the glass plates that had limited photographers so much, and eventually, innovators figured out how to make a camera that recorded motion onto a roll of film. This produced what they called silent films. Short movies without sound (most were less than 1/2 and hour long).  By 1928, sound was introduced, and now, since it was more enjoyable to watch, film makers started making full length movies. The well loved Mickey Mouse debuted in 1928 with it’s first episode called Steamboat Williehttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7NQyzcDnMdE

In 1931 Merrie Melodies was created making the characters of Bugs Bunny, Yosemite Sam, Porky pig, Donald Duck, and many more nationwide favorites. The 1930’s and 40’s saw much improvement in the quality of movies.  In the mid 1930’s color was added, and over the next couple of decades, television would become the most popular form of entertainment out there.  In the 1960’s, people had figured out how to do computer animation in movies.  For a long time, it was only used for short periods in movies (such as a car flying down a hill at break-neck speed), but by the 1970-80’s when the animation was becoming better,  filmmakers were using it more and more in movies such as Star Wars and Star Trek.  In 1997, the first computer generated 3D movie (to be seen with 3D glasses) was debuted.

 

My Thoughts:

Today, we can watch people live on our TVs from across the globe, see videos from outer space, and watch how to do practically anything on YouTube.  While I enjoy watching a good movie, I also know that people waste a whole lot of time watching things instead of doing things.  Kids nowadays go watch their favorite show instead of going outside and playing a game with the neighbor kids a lot of the times. Another bad thing about movies is all the crap that they have in them now.  It’s hard to find a wholesome family movie that upholds good morals and ideals instead of making heroes out of the bad guys, promoting rebellion, and making immorality look good and “cool”.  I don’t want to make it sound like I’m all against movies and TV, and don’t get me wrong; there are thousands of amazing movies out there, it’s just that you have to use a lot of discernment and wisdom sifting through all the trash to find a movie that you would actually want yourself or your kids to watch.

 

Anyways, in conclusion to today’s essay, movies and TV are truly a great invention, and can be used to bring a good message to the world.   Here is a great movie if y’all need one to watch: Fireproof

Advertisements

Two Confederate Generals in the Civil War

Today I am going to be writing about two Confederate Civil War generals; Nathan Bedford Forrest and Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard (PGT Beauregard)

Nathan Bedford Forrest

Nathan B. Forrest - LOCc.jpgNathan Bedford Forrest was a Confederate commander during the civil war. He survived the war and afterwards went on to be one of the earliest members of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK).
Forrest was born on July 13, 1821 in Chapel Hill, Tennessee.   When he was 17 years old, his father and twin sister died from scarlet fever and he became the oldest man in the family.  Once he was grown up, Forrest became a wealthy plantation owner.  He made a fortune on real estate investments and slaves (he was a slave trader in addition to running a plantation and buying and selling land).  When the Civil War started in 1861, his first position was in Captain Josiah Whites Tennessee Mounted Rifles.  His 15 year old son William joined along side him.  Forrest was soon promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, and from there he was told to go and recruit and train a group of mounted soldiers.  Then, he was put in charge of the 3rd Tennessee Cavalry.  Forrest was a natural at leading men in battle. He didn’t have any major military training, but he used common sense and was an outstanding leader and a good tactician.  He was an excellent swordsman and rider also.  He fought at Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Murfreesburo, Chickamauga, Tupelo, Nashville, and many more.  Throughout the course of the war, Forrest was promoted many times.  By the end, he was Lieutenant General.  After the war, Bedford Forrest became a member of the Ku Klux Klan.  He died on October 29, 1877 in Memphis, Tennessee.

 

P.G.T. Beauregard

Related imageAlso called “Little Napoleon” and the “little Frenchman”, Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard was a Confederate General in the Civil war.  He was the commander in the first battle of the war; Fort Sumter.

Beauregard was born on May 28, 1818, at the Saint Bernard Parish in Louisiana.  He entered the West Point Military academy when he was a teenager, and graduated second in his class.  The things that he was best at during the academy were military engineering and artillery.

Beauregard fought in the Mexican-American war, so by the time the civil war broke out, he already had a bit of experience.  He fought at Fort Sumter (he was the general, actually), Bull Run, Shiloh, Charleston Harbor, Corinth, Petersburg, Fort Wagner, Bentonville, and at many other battles in the Civil War.  After the war, Beauregard became a railroad executive in Louisiana.  He died on February 20th, 1894, in New Orleans, Louisiana.

 

 

 

The Industrial Revolution (1760-1840)

Today I am going to be writing about a couple of the inventions that helped the Industrial revolution in the United states take place.  Many advancements were made during this time, such as the introduction of coal as a power source (instead of just fire-wood), the invention of the Steam Locomotive, Telegraph, Telephone, Light-Bulb, Steam Boat, and many other things.

The first thing that we are going to talk about is the Cotton Gin.  It was invented by a man named Eli Whitney, in 1793.  At this time, there were still slaves all over the place working at plantations. Their masters would grow Cotton, and then they would force their slaves to pick the millions of tiny black seeds out of the cotton. The Cotton Gin did this for them.  You would feed the cotton in, turn the handle continuously, and it would come out seed free!

Image result for Cotton Gin
The Cotton Gin

Image result for eli Whitney

 

The next invention is the Steam Locomotive.  This was a huge thing, because it enabled people and equipment to travel somewhat quickly across the United States to the West, where they populated and settled it much quicker than if the long journey would have had to be made on foot.  The first Steam Locomotive was made By Richard Trevithick.
Image result for richard trevithick  Image result for steam locomotive

The third invention that we are going to look at is the Telegraph and Morse Code.  A man named Samuel Morse had an experience in which his wife was dying, he was away, and due to the lack of quick communication, he didn’t know that she had even been sick until she was already dead and her funeral was over.  After that, he dedicated his life to finding some way to make communication quicker.  What he produced is truly amazing.  It is called Morse Code, and it is still used today.  It was a code made up of dashes and dots that were be portrayed in bursts of electricity (making a tapping sound) traveling through wires and to telegraph offices across the country. From there, they would be put into words by telegraph operators and given to whoever the telegraph was sent to.

Image result for Samuel MorseImage result for Samuel MorseImage result for morse code machine

These are just a few of the many important inventions that revolutionized our world during the 17 and 1800s.  There isn’t time to write about all of them, so I tried to pick a few of the most important ones.

-Odessa

 

 

 

Liberty and Equality

Liberty and Equality; these are two things that people love, fight and strive for every day. Something that our founding fathers dedicated their lives to winning and ensuring for the future generations.  Something so dear to humans that most wars that have been fought, were defending liberty, equality, or a homeland.  If people don’t have liberty, they don’t have anything. If there isn’t Equality, there are people who are constantly looked down on because of their race, color, etc.

Image result for liberty

When a government is controlling what you teach, preach, and believe, you don’t have enough liberty.   You know what, I believe that Liberty is one of the most important things to have in a nation.  If the government strips all of the possible liberty and rights from their citizens, there is going to be constant rebellions and uprisings.  These cost the government money, and a heck of a lot of confusion, chaos, and instability.

Equality is also very important.  Ever since the Revolutionary War, this country has been focused on creating equality for everyone. Starting with the declaration of independence, which stated that all men were created equal.  When the slave trade was abolished, we took another step towards equality between races.

Jim Crow was a big thing that stood in the way of liberty and equality for a long time, because even after the possession of slaves was outlawed, the American people still held the same sentiments toward Black people.  They were viewed as underlings, not as good as white people, and were treated terribly.   The Jim Crow laws were laws that segregated the blacks and whites in everyday places, such as in cafes, restrooms, buses, schools, churches, and even at drinking fountains.

Image result for Drinking fountain seg
Segregation

This was not equality.  Black people, Hispanics, and Orientals were severely persecuted for not being white.  People started standing up for what they believed.  Martin Luther King Junior led marches and  held rallies.  Rosa Parks refused to be treated like trash on a bus, and they both got sent to jail.

Image result for african american equality
Mr. King leads a march protesting Jim Crow
Image result for jim crow boycotts
Rosa Parks and Mr. King in jail

Huge boycotts were held, and a point was made.  African-Americans were ready for some real equality, and they were going to protest and fight for their God-given rights, until they got them.

Finally, in 1954 a huge step was taken towards equality in the US.  The Supreme Court outlawed the segregation of schools. They finally ruled that it was unconstitutional.  For a while, students had to be escorted by soldiers, so that they wouldn’t get beat up on the way to school, which was now desegregated. (This meant that African-Americans could now go to  “white” schools.

Related image
Soldiers escorting colored children to school.

Anyways, long story short, Jim Crow was ended, and today, equality is becoming more and more popular.  People of other races and colors aren’t treated like animals, and they are given the same rights as white people.

Image result for african american equality

In conclusion, Liberty and Equality are two of the most important things that you could ever possess.  Be thankful that you live in a country that was built on the principles of freedom, and pray that the rights that we have right now will never be taken away from us.

 

-Odessa

The Battle of Jumonville Glen

The Battle of Jumonville Glen was a 15-minute skirmish that started the wheels in motion for the 7 years war (also called the French and Indian war).

It all started on a cold winter night. A troop of English and Indian soldiers were marching toward a place called Fort Necessity.  The fort was in construction, and the soldiers were sent to keep it safe from the Canadians while it was being built. The English soldiers were commanded by a man named George Washington, (yes, the same man that let the continental army in the American Revolution) and the Indian soldiers were being led by a man named Tanacharison.

Washington and Tanacharison were about 5 miles apart when word came from the Indians that they had spotted the Canadian encampment.  (As a side note really quick, the band of 35 or so Canadians led by Joseph Jumonville, was just a small part of a larger group of soldiers. The larger group had already captured the partly constructed fort that Washington was on his way to defend.  Jumonville and his men were sent to warn Washington not to start messing around with the Canadian’s claimed land).  Washington marched his men the 5 miles that night to where Tanacharison was and set up an ambush.  The next morning, the Canadians were surprised by a bunch of soldiers attacking the camp.  The skirmish lasted only about 15 minutes, but quite a few of the Canadians were killed, including Joseph Jumonville.  Not including a couple of men that managed to escape, all of the Canadian survivors were taken as prisoners.  The dead were either just left in the field where the battle took place or  buried in very shallow graves.  George Washington pushed his men on to the fort.

When word came to the main party of Canadians, Jumonville’s brother was raving mad.  He took a troop of 600 soldiers, attacked Washington and his men and forced him to surrender.  The surrendering terms were written in french, which Washington couldn’t read, so it is questionable if he knew what he was agreeing to when he signed that paper. It turns out that the paper had a confession that he had had Jumonville specifically assassinated in the battle.   That was used against him later in life.

The next year, more and more small conflicts kept happening, and essentially grew into a full blown war.  In fact, both France and England declared war on each other in 1756.  This was the 7 years war, or the French and Indian war.

George Whitefield

George Whitefield (pronounced Whit-field, not White-field) was a influential traveling preacher during the period of the Great Awakening in the 13 Colonies. He was actually born in England, but found his calling in the new world. He actually helped get them going with breaking away from England too.

George Whitefield was born in 1714, in the town of Gloucester England.  His parents owned a inn, but business wasn’t very good, and they were rather poor.  Whitefield entered Oxford as a servitor to pay his way through (a servitor is someone who works for the higher class students cleaning rooms, carrying books, etc).  During his time in college, Whitefield met the Wesley brothers (Charles and John) and joined a club with them called “the Holy Club”, where he was introduced to theology and such things.  Although Whitefield was learning all about christian theology and God, he didn’t really have an actual relationship with God.

God revealed himself to George, and he became very passionate about serving and following in God’s path.  He started preaching and his reputation just grew and grew. It is said that he could preach so loud that you could hear him from five miles away!   Whitefield visited America and saw the need for an Orphanage and some good old preaching.  He returned to England, rose funds, and then went back to the colonies.  A orphanage was built and he called it “Bethesda”.  When Whitefield wasn’t at the orphanage, he was traveling around preaching at revival.

George Whitefield kept on with his calling until his death in September of 1770, at age 55.  He was one of the most influential preachers of the time, and is remembered as one of the leaders of the Great Awakening.

 

 

 

4 of the 13 Colonies Summary

Today I’m going to give you a very brief summary of four of the original 13 Colonies. Hopefully I can get them in order.

#1. Virginia

Virginia was started in 1607 by the Virginia Company. Sir Walter named it after the Virgin Queen, Elizabeth the 1st of England.  Jamestown was the first settlement. The life for the colonists in Virginia was a hard one. The colony almost failed many times, but always found a way to survive.

#2. Massachusetts

The Massachusett Bay Colony was started in 1620 by the colonists from the Mayflower.  The story of the mayflower and the puritans is pretty famous, so I won’t tell you all about it. The first settlement was Plymouth. Massachusetts became a royal colony in 1691.

#3. New Hampshire

New Hampshire was started in 1921.  John Wheelwright, and his sister-in-law, Anne Hutchinson started a settlement called Exeter in New Hampshire. The two of them were banished from Boston, so they took some other people with them and started Exeter.

#4. Maryland

The first settlers landed in Maryland in 1633.  King Charles I gave the charter to Lord Baltimore. Leonard Calvert, who was Lord Baltimore’s son was the one that led the colonists into the land and settle it.