Two Union Generals from the Civil War

Today I am going to be writing about two civil war generals that were fighting for the Union cause in the Civil War. This first is Philip Henry Sheridan and the second is William Tecumseh Sherman.

Philip Henry Sheridan

Philip Sheridan was born in Albany, New York in 1831, and entered West Point Military Academy in 1848.  Sheridan was suspended for a year (for fighting with a fellow class-mate), but returned a and ended up graduating in 1853.  After graduating, Sheridan was appointed as Brevet Second Lieutenant in the 1st US Infantry.  He served in Texas for a while, before being moved to the 4th US Infantry and Fort Reading, California.
When the Civil War broke out, Sheridan began climbing the ladder of authority, eventually becoming a general.  As a general, Sheridan was known for his “Scorched Earth” tactics. That basically meant that he burnt everything behind him and the army he was leading, so that the enemy wouldn’t have anything to help them when they came through.  After the war and under Stephen Grover Cleveland, Sheridan was promoted to General of the Army.  Philip Henry Sheridan died in 1888.

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Philip Henry Sheridan


William Tecumseh Sherman

William Tecumseh Sherman was a character.  He was born in February of 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio.  Sherman’s father died when he was nine years old, leaving him, his mother, and his siblings with basically nothing to live on.  The young boy then went to live with a friend of the family, Thomas Ewing Sr.  At the age of 16, Sherman entered West Point Military Academy, graduating in 1840, and joining the US military as Second Lieutenant of the 3rd US Artillery.  In 1850, he asked for Ellen Ewing’s hand in marriage. Ellen Ewing was the daughter of the man who had “adopted” him when he was nine years old.  She was looked upon as his foster sister.  That same year, Sherman was promoted to Captain in his division.

When the Civil War started, he first saw action in the first Battle of Bull Run (also known as Manassas by Confederates).   Sherman was a very nervous man, and after a while, the strain of leading so many men in battle took a toll on his nerves.  He took a much needed sabbatical back at the house he was raised in, but he grew very depressed and even suicidal.  It was then that he decided to join the army again.  Once he got back into fighting, Sherman excelled, and became one of Ulysses Grant’s close friends.  Over the course of the war,  William Tecumseh Sherman proved himself to be an avid soldier, and eventually a fantastic general. Sherman utilized the “Scorched Earth” tactics and he was famous for “Sherman’s Neckties” which were the metal railroad rails that he would have his men heat up a little bit and wrap around trees so that they were totally and completely un-useable to the enemy.  Ulysses Grant appointed Sherman as General of the Army when he became president, and he served in that position for 15 years.

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Men bending rails



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Sherman’s Neckties

United States Civil War

Today I am going to be writing about the civil war. More specifically my favorite parts so far that I have studied.

  1. Generals.

It is very interesting learning about all the different colorful characters that were our great military leaders during this piece of our nations defining history. I like learning about the personalities, quirks, strengths, and weaknesses of each man (there weren’t any lady-generals). It kind of gives you a peek into their lives and times. Some generals that I’ve been learning about were quite the unique fellows. Most of them were veterans and had already fought in the Mexican-American war (a war over what the real border of Texas was and who owned what), but there were a few that were still pretty green. Lincoln probably didn’t know very much about war when he came into office, but by the time the war was over, he had read so many military strategy books, educated himself in the ways of war, and talked to so many generals asking them a lot of questions, that he was an expert strategist. Generals like Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, William Tecumseh Sherman, Joshua Chamberlain, George M’Clellan, “Stonewall” Jackson, P.G.T Beauregard and many more leaders like them were instrumental to how the war turned out. Did you know that Robert E. Lee originally fought with the Union army, but when his home state succeeded, he decided that he couldn’t fight against his own neighbors and friends? He didn’t support slavery, either.

2. Battles

The battles are the second-most interesting thing to learn about, not only the outcomes (though they are interesting), but the sheer genius of some of the generals and commanding officer’s strategies and tactics on the battlefield. It actually makes you kind of sad reading about the battles in this war though, because there were many, many, thousands of casualties. In the battle of Antietam, in September of 1862, more than 22,000 soldiers, many who were still boys were killed. Here are a couple interesting tidbits for you: At least 100,000 Union soldiers were younger than the age of 15 when they enlisted. The youngest soldier to fight in the history of the US army was in the civil war. The boy’s name was Edward Black, and he was eight years old. He was Honorably discharged at the end of the war (5 years after he joined) at the age of 13.

3. History

The history of the Civil War runs deep into the roots of the founding of our country. The whole war was based on freedom. The southern states had an agricultural economy that was reliant on slaves so that they could produce enough crops. They were afraid that the Northerners were going to outlaw slavery completely, thus upsetting their whole economy and livelihood (how was every plantation owner going to find as many laborers for hire as he had slaves?). So, what did the southern states do? They left the union and formed their own country. They called it the Confederate States of America. The Union was pretty upset because they wanted to keep their country together. This is when each side began building their armies and training for what they both thought would be a less than a month-long conflict. As it turned out, it lasted for 4 years, and there were more casualties than in any war ever before. They were all American lives too.

Two Things I would want if I was Shipwrecked on an Island

If I were shipwrecked on a deserted island and I got to choose two special tools or devices that I could bring, here is what they would be and why I would want them.

#1.  I’m not quite sure if this counts as a tool or device, but I’ll say that it’s a tool.  The first thing is a Golden Eagle who is trained to hunt like a falcon.  Golden Eagles are so big that they could catch me enough food to survive on, plus, I would train it to attack things when I told it to so that I could use it to protect me.

#2. The second thing that I would want is a knife collection. I think that an assortment of knives would be both useful and necessary to my survival on a remote island.  I would have a machete, an Anaconda, and a really good quality pocket knife.  Machetes (pictured below) are roughly two feet long and are mainly used in jungles to fell small trees for food, bushwhack paths through the vegetation, and they can be used to kill things too.   An Anaconda (see picture below) is a knife made by TOPS Knives, that is on the larger side, but it is very good quality from all that I’ve heard.  It would be great for cutting up the meat that my eagle brought me.  You can do a whole lot with knives. Build shelters, gather food, kill animals, carve wood, the list goes on and on.

Just so you know, there are lots of other things that I would want to bring other than an eagle which would probably be more practical, but I was just having fun on this assignment.  If you were stranded on an island, what are two things that you would bring?

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Golden Eagle
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Golden eagle talons
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Semester Report

Odessa O.                                                                                                                                                 Teacher: Bradley Fish
Subject: English 7

This semester, I have been learning about many different types of writing, literature analysis, and worldviews. Today I am going to summarize what I have learned into a paper for y’all to read. Enjoy!

Literature Analysis

The first thing that I am going to talk about is Literature Analysis.  When you analyze a work of writing, you essentially break it down and analyze the writer and the writing, looking at the different plots, sub-plots, conflicts, the character(s), the setting, theme, and the development of all of the above throughout the story. The rest of the points in this report are going to be parts of literature analysis. In other words, they would be things to think about when you’re reading a book, and want to analyze it.

The 5 parts of a work of fiction

  1. Character

This is probably one of the most important parts of a story because, without characters, it would be a pretty boring thing to read.  Characters are the chess pieces in a work of fiction.  They are the people or animals that the writer uses to tell a story, portray their point, or make the reader fill in the blanks to make a character of their imagination. (Here are 2 previous essays on the setting, plot development, Author’s writing style, and character development that I wrote on a book that I read earlier this year:

  1. Setting,

The setting in a work of fiction is also very necessary to an interesting piece of literature.  It is basically the backdrop in which the characters are, and in which the plot takes place.

  1. Plot

The plot of a piece of literature is the story-line. It is what stories and books are all about.

  1. Conflict

The conflict in a story is what makes it exciting. Who wants to read a book where everything goes right?

  1. Theme

The theme is kind of what the story is based around. When you watch a movie, there is normally a theme song, right? Well, with writing the theme is a little bit the same.  You can see the same theme showing up at different times in the story.


This semester, my teacher put two vocabulary words in each lesson, taught the meaning of the word,  and told us to write them down so that we could remember them.  It’s really helpful to do that because you can understand a lot more if you have a large vocabulary.


When you read a book, oftentimes you can tell what the writer believed (what his/her worldview is) just by reading the book.   Some writers show through pretty clearly, while you have to dig deeper with others.  Here is an article that I wrote a few months ago on the subject of worldviews:

Moving on from the literature analysis section, I am going to talk about what I did and didn’t like about the class, teacher, and material.


My teacher was actually very good.  The video lessons that he made for this class weren’t long and boring, but short, to the point, and educating.  When he would teach vocabulary words, he gave easy to understand definitions, and with each word, he gave us an example of how you would use it in everyday writing.  Overall, he was an amazing teacher.  Oh, and also, the pace at which he teaches is nice. It isn’t too fast, but it’s not monotonous either.


The content was also pretty good.  I learned a lot, read a lot (a ton) of books, and wrote a ton of papers, book reports, literature analysis reports, etc.  There were one or two books that I thought were kind of weird (Alice in Wonderland, for example) but other than that, I didn’t find anything wrong with the other books.  The writing instruction was also good.  It was hard sometimes, but school isn’t supposed to be easy.

In Conclusion, this semester was very educating! I learned how to write book reports, semester reports, how to analyze literature, and a lot more.  Thanks to my teacher, I would definitely say that I have learned more in this English class than in any other that I have ever done!

The Industrial Revolution (1760-1840)

Today I am going to be writing about a couple of the inventions that helped the Industrial revolution in the United states take place.  Many advancements were made during this time, such as the introduction of coal as a power source (instead of just fire-wood), the invention of the Steam Locomotive, Telegraph, Telephone, Light-Bulb, Steam Boat, and many other things.

The first thing that we are going to talk about is the Cotton Gin.  It was invented by a man named Eli Whitney, in 1793.  At this time, there were still slaves all over the place working at plantations. Their masters would grow Cotton, and then they would force their slaves to pick the millions of tiny black seeds out of the cotton. The Cotton Gin did this for them.  You would feed the cotton in, turn the handle continuously, and it would come out seed free!

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The Cotton Gin

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The next invention is the Steam Locomotive.  This was a huge thing, because it enabled people and equipment to travel somewhat quickly across the United States to the West, where they populated and settled it much quicker than if the long journey would have had to be made on foot.  The first Steam Locomotive was made By Richard Trevithick.
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The third invention that we are going to look at is the Telegraph and Morse Code.  A man named Samuel Morse had an experience in which his wife was dying, he was away, and due to the lack of quick communication, he didn’t know that she had even been sick until she was already dead and her funeral was over.  After that, he dedicated his life to finding some way to make communication quicker.  What he produced is truly amazing.  It is called Morse Code, and it is still used today.  It was a code made up of dashes and dots that were be portrayed in bursts of electricity (making a tapping sound) traveling through wires and to telegraph offices across the country. From there, they would be put into words by telegraph operators and given to whoever the telegraph was sent to.

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These are just a few of the many important inventions that revolutionized our world during the 17 and 1800s.  There isn’t time to write about all of them, so I tried to pick a few of the most important ones.





A Fundraiser

I am a part of Border Patrol Explorer post #0023 and we are doing a fundraiser to raise money for things that our post needs (uniforms and such). For those of you who don’t know, Explorers is a program for teaching youth about law enforcement, doing community service projects, etc.  We are selling raffle tickets for 2 field level Seattle Seahawks vs. L.A. Rams seat tickets, and a $200 visa card. (more info on the poster down below) If you would like to support our Post, please let me know, and I can get you set up with how to buy a ticket (you can do it online). Thanks so much!
Here is a compilation of pictures from the last academy that we did:
Graduating from the Border Patrol Explorer Academy last summer.


Today I will be writing about the worldviews of a few authors, which can be seen through their writtings. Worldviews are essential to the life of humans, because if you don’t have a worldview, then you don’t have anything to believe in. If you don’t believe in anything, then you will most likely feel pointless and depressed. Not good feelings.

I believe that there is one God who made the whole universe and everything in it (except for man-made stuff like skyscrapers). I believe that we were not an accident and that God made us and put us on this earth for a specific purpose; to give him glory. I am a Christian. To believe that there is a God that is higher than us and has power over anything and everything in the Universe is called a Theistic Worldview.


The first Author that we will be looking at is George MacDonald. He has written countless novels and in every single one that I have read so far, his worldview has been portrayed through the characters quite well. Through his books, I have been able to find out that he has a Theistic worldview. In his writings, he always lifts up God, respect, character, love, and purity. If an Atheist was writing a book they probably wouldn’t lift up God and the principles that we are commanded by him to follow, because they don’t believe that there is a God. The atheistic worldview says that we all came from primordial soup, that the universe was made out of nothing, by nothing, that we were all an accident, etc. Atheists believe that there is no God or higher power.


The next author that we are going to be looking at is Jack London. When reading London’s writings, his worldview isn’t quite as obvious as MacDonald’s, but you can still kind of tell what he believed. Read this quote from Jack London, and then see if you can decide what kind of worldview he has: “I believe that when I am dead, I am dead. I believe that with my death I am just as much obliterated as the last mosquito you and I squashed.” If you said Atheistic, you were correct. I didn’t notice this when I read a couple of his books, but London was also a socialist.


In the future, when you are reading a book, try to read between the lines and find out what kind of worldview the author had while writing the book. It can help you to understand where the author is coming from, and how they saw life.