Africa is the second largest continent in the world (Asia being the largest). It is 11.67 million square miles, with the current population of 1,216,129,815. A few of the things that Africa is famous for are the Nile, the pyramids, the statues that the ancient Pharaohs built, and the huge temples, some of which are still here today.
The Nile river is the longest river in the world. It is 4,258 miles long and runs all the way from lake Victoria to the Mediterranean sea. The ancient Africans depended on the Nile to survive. Because they were farmers, they needed good dirt to grow things in and that is just what the
Nile provided. Every year between June and September, the Nile flooded and when it went back down to its normal level, the sediment (called silt) was left on the ground. This silt was basically topsoil, so the farmers planted their grain, weeded, and harvested it, and then the next year they would get another load of topsoil right where they needed it!
The pyramids are all really amazing, but I’ll just tell you about one of them. The great Pyramid of Giza. The construction started in 2540 BC. The architects were Khufu, Imhotep, and Hemiunu. The pyramid of Giza is 455 feet tall and the largest of all the pyramids. It is also one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
Africa has three deserts; the Sahara, the Kalahari, and the Namib. The Sahara is the largest desert in the world. It is almost as big as the United States of America!
Well, this is it for my essay about Africa! I hope you enjoyed it!