Howdy everyone! 🙂
Today, my English assignment was to write a one or two page essay about a country that I don’t live in, so I am going to tell you about Israel.
Israel was founded after the second world war, on May 14, 1948.
This Country is very small, (8,019 square miles) bordering the Mediterranean sea. The countries that are bordering it are: Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Gaza, West bank, and Lebanon. Israel is a country that Hebrews, Muslims, and Christians consider as the holy land. In fact, the crusades were Catholics trying to come and fight with the Muslims and to take the holy land for Christianity. There were lots of crusades, but nobody knows exactly how many. This is a debated subject, because some historians say there was seven crusades, but others say that there was eight. The crusades were very interesting. Some famous preacher or priest would make a rousing speech to get people to join the army against the Muslims. Then they would all start on the long march to the Israel or somewhere else in the middle east. The Knights would fight for months, trying to capture a city. Sometimes they would capture one and then the Muslims would take it back. So in general, the crusades were not successful.
The official languages of Israel are Hebrew and Arabic. The ancient (and modern- day) Hebrews speak Hebrew, so Israel has the Hebrew language spoken in it. The Arabic language comes from the Arabs that are in Israel.
Israeli food is DELICIOUS!! Some of the Israeli foods that I have eaten/cooked are falafel, hummus, and pita bread. Falafel is a mixture of mashed up chick-peas, and spices. This mixture gets rolled up in a ball and deep fried. Falafels are normally eaten with or in pita bread. Pita bread is a yeast risen dough that you roll out into 5-6 inch circles and bake. When it is in the oven, it puffs up, so when you take it out and cut it in half, it is a pocket of bread to put other food into. Hummus is made of chick-peas, garlic and other spices that you puree into a kind of dip. This is pita bread with some falafel and salad inside.
The modern day Hebrews believe that Jesus Christ has not yet come to earth and risen from the dead. From what I have read, (out of the Bible) they still believe that the disciples stole Jesus’s body while the guards slept (There were guards guarding the tomb where Jesus was laid because the chief priests and the pharisees were for some reason afraid that Jesus’s disciples would come and steal his body and tell everyone that he had risen from the dead). The truth about it though, is that Jesus Christ rose from the dead, NOT that his disciples stole his body (We know this because the Bible tells us that he did and also because Jesus’s disciples saw him alive after he was put in the tomb, and resurrected. Some of the religious festivals that the Hebrew people still celebrate are: The Passover, Yom Kippur, Purim, Succos, and Rosh Hashana (the Jewish new-year).
Some Israeli men wear small skull-caps called Yarmulke. Wearing these caps is not a biblical commandment, just something some of the Jews do to show honor and respect to God by covering their heads. While some Yarmulke are just solid colors, lots are many different colors. When the little boys get their first hair cut, (about three years old) they start wearing one too. It is not strictly enforced until they boys are twelve years old. Lots of Jewish men don’t wear Yarmulke, but in some Orthodox circles, the men wear them all the time. Some Jewish men only wear them on important occasions. Here is a picture of what some Yarmulke look like:
In Israel, there is a prime minister and a president. Currently, the prime minister is Benjamin Netanyahu. The president of Israel is the one who appoints the prime minister. His name is Reuven Rivlin. He was inaugurated in 2014.
Israel’s National Anthem is called Hatikvah. The words for Hatikvah in English are:
In the Jewish heart
A Jewish spirit still sings,
And the eyes look east
Our hope is not lost,
Our hope of two thousand years,
To be a free nation in our land,
In the land of Zion and Jerusalem
Well, I guess its about time to wrap things up, so thanks for reading my essay and if you have any important facts about Israel that I missed, tell me in the comments box! 😉