The Industrial Revolution (1760-1840)

Today I am going to be writing about a couple of the inventions that helped the Industrial revolution in the United states take place.  Many advancements were made during this time, such as the introduction of coal as a power source (instead of just fire-wood), the invention of the Steam Locomotive, Telegraph, Telephone, Light-Bulb, Steam Boat, and many other things.

The first thing that we are going to talk about is the Cotton Gin.  It was invented by a man named Eli Whitney, in 1793.  At this time, there were still slaves all over the place working at plantations. Their masters would grow Cotton, and then they would force their slaves to pick the millions of tiny black seeds out of the cotton. The Cotton Gin did this for them.  You would feed the cotton in, turn the handle continuously, and it would come out seed free!

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The Cotton Gin

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The next invention is the Steam Locomotive.  This was a huge thing, because it enabled people and equipment to travel somewhat quickly across the United States to the West, where they populated and settled it much quicker than if the long journey would have had to be made on foot.  The first Steam Locomotive was made By Richard Trevithick.
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The third invention that we are going to look at is the Telegraph and Morse Code.  A man named Samuel Morse had an experience in which his wife was dying, he was away, and due to the lack of quick communication, he didn’t know that she had even been sick until she was already dead and her funeral was over.  After that, he dedicated his life to finding some way to make communication quicker.  What he produced is truly amazing.  It is called Morse Code, and it is still used today.  It was a code made up of dashes and dots that were be portrayed in bursts of electricity (making a tapping sound) traveling through wires and to telegraph offices across the country. From there, they would be put into words by telegraph operators and given to whoever the telegraph was sent to.

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These are just a few of the many important inventions that revolutionized our world during the 17 and 1800s.  There isn’t time to write about all of them, so I tried to pick a few of the most important ones.

-Odessa

 

 

 

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A Fundraiser

I am a part of Border Patrol Explorer post #0023 and we are doing a fundraiser to raise money for things that our post needs (uniforms and such). For those of you who don’t know, Explorers is a program for teaching youth about law enforcement, doing community service projects, etc.  We are selling raffle tickets for 2 field level Seattle Seahawks vs. L.A. Rams seat tickets, and a $200 visa card. (more info on the poster down below) If you would like to support our Post, please let me know, and I can get you set up with how to buy a ticket (you can do it online). Thanks so much!
Here is a compilation of pictures from the last academy that we did:
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Graduating from the Border Patrol Explorer Academy last summer.

Worldviews.

Today I will be writing about the worldviews of a few authors, which can be seen through their writtings. Worldviews are essential to the life of humans, because if you don’t have a worldview, then you don’t have anything to believe in. If you don’t believe in anything, then you will most likely feel pointless and depressed. Not good feelings.

I believe that there is one God who made the whole universe and everything in it (except for man-made stuff like skyscrapers). I believe that we were not an accident and that God made us and put us on this earth for a specific purpose; to give him glory. I am a Christian. To believe that there is a God that is higher than us and has power over anything and everything in the Universe is called a Theistic Worldview.

 

The first Author that we will be looking at is George MacDonald. He has written countless novels and in every single one that I have read so far, his worldview has been portrayed through the characters quite well. Through his books, I have been able to find out that he has a Theistic worldview. In his writings, he always lifts up God, respect, character, love, and purity. If an Atheist was writing a book they probably wouldn’t lift up God and the principles that we are commanded by him to follow, because they don’t believe that there is a God. The atheistic worldview says that we all came from primordial soup, that the universe was made out of nothing, by nothing, that we were all an accident, etc. Atheists believe that there is no God or higher power.

 

The next author that we are going to be looking at is Jack London. When reading London’s writings, his worldview isn’t quite as obvious as MacDonald’s, but you can still kind of tell what he believed. Read this quote from Jack London, and then see if you can decide what kind of worldview he has: “I believe that when I am dead, I am dead. I believe that with my death I am just as much obliterated as the last mosquito you and I squashed.” If you said Atheistic, you were correct. I didn’t notice this when I read a couple of his books, but London was also a socialist.

 

In the future, when you are reading a book, try to read between the lines and find out what kind of worldview the author had while writing the book. It can help you to understand where the author is coming from, and how they saw life.

-Odessa

 

Liberty and Equality

Liberty and Equality; these are two things that people love, fight and strive for every day. Something that our founding fathers dedicated their lives to winning and ensuring for the future generations.  Something so dear to humans that most wars that have been fought, were defending liberty, equality, or a homeland.  If people don’t have liberty, they don’t have anything. If there isn’t Equality, there are people who are constantly looked down on because of their race, color, etc.

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When a government is controlling what you teach, preach, and believe, you don’t have enough liberty.   You know what, I believe that Liberty is one of the most important things to have in a nation.  If the government strips all of the possible liberty and rights from their citizens, there is going to be constant rebellions and uprisings.  These cost the government money, and a heck of a lot of confusion, chaos, and instability.

Equality is also very important.  Ever since the Revolutionary War, this country has been focused on creating equality for everyone. Starting with the declaration of independence, which stated that all men were created equal.  When the slave trade was abolished, we took another step towards equality between races.

Jim Crow was a big thing that stood in the way of liberty and equality for a long time, because even after the possession of slaves was outlawed, the American people still held the same sentiments toward Black people.  They were viewed as underlings, not as good as white people, and were treated terribly.   The Jim Crow laws were laws that segregated the blacks and whites in everyday places, such as in cafes, restrooms, buses, schools, churches, and even at drinking fountains.

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Segregation

This was not equality.  Black people, Hispanics, and Orientals were severely persecuted for not being white.  People started standing up for what they believed.  Martin Luther King Junior led marches and  held rallies.  Rosa Parks refused to be treated like trash on a bus, and they both got sent to jail.

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Mr. King leads a march protesting Jim Crow
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Rosa Parks and Mr. King in jail

Huge boycotts were held, and a point was made.  African-Americans were ready for some real equality, and they were going to protest and fight for their God-given rights, until they got them.

Finally, in 1954 a huge step was taken towards equality in the US.  The Supreme Court outlawed the segregation of schools. They finally ruled that it was unconstitutional.  For a while, students had to be escorted by soldiers, so that they wouldn’t get beat up on the way to school, which was now desegregated. (This meant that African-Americans could now go to  “white” schools.

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Soldiers escorting colored children to school.

Anyways, long story short, Jim Crow was ended, and today, equality is becoming more and more popular.  People of other races and colors aren’t treated like animals, and they are given the same rights as white people.

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In conclusion, Liberty and Equality are two of the most important things that you could ever possess.  Be thankful that you live in a country that was built on the principles of freedom, and pray that the rights that we have right now will never be taken away from us.

 

-Odessa

Headlines

“Fail-proof horse hoof polish!” the radio screeched out. I turned the dial to the next station “Breaking news, from the London Times! Another perplexing mystery has been solved by the honorable Mr. Sherlock Holmes and his assistant Doctor John Watson! They were brought the case only 3 days ago. A certain young woman named Helen Stoner came to their living quarters on Baker Street with this strange story. Today with us, we have the venerable Dr. Watson who is going to tell us about the case.” I was immensely interested in the work of the two men.

“So, Doctor, what can you tell us about this new case?” I turned my attention back to my radio “Well, I will start at the beginning. Miss Stoner came to us three mornings ago. She lives at her stepfather’s estate in Surrey, near Leatherhead. Two years ago, Miss Stoner woke to a loud shriek and then a whistle from the room next to hers, where her twin sister was sleeping. She rushed into the adjoining room only to hear her sister scream “the speckled band!” and then slump to the floor, dead. Miss Stoner was forced to sleep in her deceased sister’s room for the past week or so due to renovations in her room. It was right next to her stepfather, Dr. Grimesby Roylott’s bedroom. Ever since she moved into the room next to his, she heard the strange whistles that she heard the night that her sister died. The night before Miss Stoner came to us, she heard the whistle accompanied with a hissing sound and got so frightened that she barred her bedroom door, locked the shutters, and took every precaution that nobody or nothing could get into her room.

The next morning, her stepfather was out, so she took a dogcart to my friend and I’s dwelling on Baker Street. After hearing her story (what I’ve just told you) my friend commenced with questioning her, especially about her stepfather. It turns out that he had lived in India for quite a time with his wife, while he learned about the Indian ways of doctoring. His wife died in India, leaving 200 pounds to each of her daughters upon the event of their marriage. He had served a sentence in prison for killing his Indian butler out of pure rage, and that he was in a good deal of debt. Holmes also found that he had no love for his stepdaughters whatsoever, was often gone for extended periods of time and kept many Indian animals for pets, including a cheetah and baboon, of which Miss Stoner was very frightened of. We also learned that when the young lady’s sister was going to be married the day after she died, that Miss Stoner was at this time engaged also, and that she was very scared of her stepfather.
We arranged to come that afternoon, while Dr. Roylott would still be out and investigate. Miss stoner left our rooms, and not 10 minutes later, we heard an angry tug on the bell rope, and pounding footsteps coming up the stairs. A large, commanding figure stood in our doorway. He introduced himself as Dr. Grimesby Roylott and commenced in telling us that his stepdaughter was of a very excitable nature, prone to over exaggerate things and that if we believed anything she said, we were mad. He also told us that if he found us meddling with his affairs, it would not bode well for us. He grabbed the fire poker and with two large hands, bent it almost completely over as if to prove his strength, and then pounded back down the stairs. Holmes chuckled, picked up the poker and calmly bent it back to its normal shape. We could see now how Miss Stoner was frightened of him.

That afternoon, when we arrived, we found that thankfully, the Doctor was still gone. Miss Stoner took us up to her bedroom, which my companion inspected carefully. There was no way for anything or anyone to get through the window. It was barred, shuttered, and locked. After looking the whole room over, Holmes noticed three strange things. There was a bell cord next to the bed that didn’t ring any bells, the bed was bolted to the floor, and a ventilator that went into the adjoining room, which happened to be Dr. Roylott’s own bedroom, where we went next. What we found was a large messy room with a large safe in it, a table covered in papers, a chair with a stick placed on it that had a leather loop on the end, a saucer of milk, and a few odds and ends from India. My friend must have seen something that I didn’t, because I could tell that he was very pleased.
After inspecting the grounds and giving Miss Stoner some instructions, we went home to Baker street. However, we didn’t stay there long. Holmes told me to get my revolver, he took a few things, and then we left. I had no clue where we were going. We ended up at a lodging house across the road from the Roylott estate, with a perfect view of the house. It was then that I recalled the instructions that Holmes gave Miss Stoner. He had told her to light an oil lamp and put it in the window of her room, until her stepfather had gone to bed, and had ceased to move around in his room. She was also supposed to pack a valise and be ready to leave at a moment’s notice. We settled down in a room at the lodging house and waited until dark. About 9:30, the oil lamp went out. Holmes jumped up, grabbing his coat and mine, which he handed to me, as I put my revolver snuggly in the inside pocket.
As we snuck into the Roylott grounds we were startled by the baboon running across the lawn. Climbing into the window that led into Miss Stoner’s room (she had opened the shutters and bars) Holmes helped her out the window and told her that there was a cab waiting at the lodging house for her, to take her to her Aunt’s house for safety. Then, we settled down for a long night of intense waiting. Our nerves were strung high, and our ears were tuned to the slightest noise from the room next to the one that we were occupying.
At about 1:35 am, we heard a stirring from the next room. It was followed by the sound of about 10 footsteps, a slight grating noise, another 10 steps, the sound of a chair scraping lightly across the floor, and the squeak of wood as someone stood on top of the chair. Holmes silently picked up his riding whip off of the floor and looked as though he was ready to spring. All of a sudden, we heard the whistle that Miss Stoner had told us about and saw something sliding out of the ventilator, and onto the bell cord. At the same time, we heard a hissing sound, akin to that of steam escaping a pressurized water container. Holmes sprung up with a wild yell and started attacking the bell cord with his stout leather whip. He shoved something back through the ventilator, and then we heard a blood-curdling scream and a heavy thud. We raced to Dr. Roylott’s room and forced the door open. He was lying on the floor with a speckled snake latched onto his neck. Holmes picked the snake up with the stick with the leather loop on the end, shoved it in the safe, and slammed the door. Dr. Grimesby Roylott was dead within 5 minutes. It turns out that the doctor had brought the black and yellow speckled cobra from India and trained it with a series of whistle signals. He had been sending the snake through the ventillator every night for a week, waiting for the snake to find it’s mark. Fortunately for Miss Stoner, it hadn’t.”

“The rest of the story in just a minute.” The radio man’s voice came through, high pitched and nasal. The broadcast was interrupted here by advertisements. I waited until the obnoxious things ended “And now, the rest of the story from Dr. John Watson.” I leaned forward in my chair “When we were finally back in our rooms at Baker Street, I asked my friend how he had deduced that Dr. Roylott was the murderer. He started telling me all of the many clues that I had missed; The dirty fingerprints on the wall going up to the ventilator, the signs on the chair of it being stood on frequently, the snake holder (the stick with a leather loop attached to the end), and the saucer of milk to feed the snake with, and the hissing that Miss Stoner had heard the night before. Also, that the only motive for the murder (and attempted murder) of the two young women was to be able to keep the money that the girls’ mother had left them. Another crucial clue was that Dr. Roylott had construction going on that made the girl have to sleep in the room next to him before the first murder, as well as the attempted second murder. The murder and attempted murder happened just before both girls were to be married (this is when they would have claimed the money that their mother left them), though 2 years apart, thus enhancing his theory and the suspected motive for the crime.”

“I had seen a few of these clues, not realizing the importance of them, while the others, I was totally oblivious to.”

“And what has become of Miss Stoner?” The high pitched nasal voice came again. “Is she still living at the Roylott estate?”
“Miss Helen Stoner is now living with her Aunt out in the English countryside until the full police investigation is over, and she is married.”
“Quite an impressive case, Doctor” the radio man said. “Yes, my friend Mr. Sherlock Holmes is a fantastic detective, and never ceases to amaze me with his admirable deducing skills.”
I flipped the radio off, turned my collar up, and went out to the misty street to start my long day of work. Detective work, to be precise, and a new case had come in today. My name is Sherlock Holmes.

The 7 Years War

Today I am going to be writing about the interesting subject of the 7 Years War, also known as the French and Indian war. This war was unlike any other, in the sense that after the war, in the peace treaty all of the territories that were gained on the mainland of Europe were returned to the original owners. Strange, I know.

The 7 years war was started in North America. It was originally just a series of skirmishes between the French and Indians but quickly grew into a worldwide clash. The first of these skirmishes was the Battle of Jumonville Glen (read my essay on it here). After a few more small engagements, the battle of Monongahela took place. A Britt named Edward Braddock was the commander in chief and general in charge of the colonies in America, and he was told lead a force of men, aided by the well-known George Washington to capture Fort Duquesne (Du-kuez-nee). I could go into all of the details of the battle, but I don’t really have time to, so I will just say, the Brits were defeated. Bad.

After Monongahela, both the Brits and French sent re-reinforcements to America and declared war on each other. All of a sudden, these skirmishes had turned into a full-blown war. In Europe, pretty much every country was involved. The way that the countries were allied was: Great Britain, Prussia, Hanover, and Portugal, vs. France, Russia, Austria, Spain, Saxony, and Sweden. For the first 6 years of the war, the main act on the main stage was Prussia fighting Austria and Russia. Prussia had the largest army of all of the countries in Europe, and for 5 or 6 years, they did very well.The general for the Prussian army was the fantastic Frederik II. When in the 6th year of the war, he started losing, nobody knew what was going on. He was defeated at Kunersdorf, where he lost no less than half of his army. After a lot more fighting, with heavy losses, Prussia and Russia agreed that the war needed to end. The Brits were on the same page also, so in 1763, the Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the war. In this treaty, something called the “Status Quo Ante Bellum” was instated, saying that any territory on the mainland of Europe was to be returned to whoever owned it before the war.

In the end, not very much was gained in the 7 Years War. France lost a lot of its overseas colonies to Great Britain, but overall, due to the Status Quo Ante Bellum, not very much of land changed hands. It was basically a big bloody war that in the end, didn’t really do anything major to change the European nations.

Map of Europe during the 7 years war
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General Frederik

A Brief History of Europe

Today I am going to be writing about the history of Europe from the fall of Rome to 1750 AD.

When Rome finally fell, the result was that the Germanic tribes started claiming parts of the former Roman Empire and forming a lot of little Countries. Most of them were not very stable, due to almost no power centralization. When the Holy Roman Empire was formed, it united the vast majority of the small independent countries/states.

At this time, the Muslims started making their attempt at conquering Europe. Within the next 200 years, the Muslims are held back and pushed back to near the Iberian Peninsula. They were still a big threat to Spain. Pretty much all of the territories in Europe had been claimed and the H.R.E. (Holy Roman Empire) was still “in charge” of it.

By the year 1453, Europe had gone through a few really hard things. Two of which were that the Byzantine Empire had fallen to the Turks, and the black death had swept through, killing about 50 million people (60 percent of Europe’s population).

Skipping ahead to 1750 ad, Sweden had risen in power and was controlling most of Scandinavia, while Austria, Poland, and Russia were keeping the Muslims from invading Europe again. Also, by this time many European countries have colonies all over the world, bringing in more money and making Europe a richer and more powerful nation.