George W. Bush

Image result for george w bushGeorge W. Bush (not to be confused with his father George H. W. Bush) was the 43rd president of the United States of America.  On September 11th, 2001, he declared the attack on the World Trade Center to be a terrorist act, launching the “War on Terror” and starting the Afghani and Iraqi wars.

George Walker Bush was born in July of 1946. He grew upImage result for george w bush as a kid in a well-to-do household with his 5 siblings and parents George and Barbara. After finishing high school, Bush was accepted into Yale where he graduated with a B.A. in history.  In 1968, Bush joined the Texas air national guard. He served in the guard until 1974. In 1975, Bush graduated from Harvard business school.

 

In 1977, Bush met a girl named Laura Welch. They married less than a year later and had twin girls Barbara and Jenna. Also in 1977, George Bush started an oil company that turned out to be very profitable. He was a millionaire by the time he was 40 years old. In 1978, Laura and George Bush moved to Washington DC so that George could work on his father’s presidential campaign.

In the year of 1995, Bush and his family were back in Texas. George decided to run for governor. He won both the Republican Primary and the election. Bush was re-elected as Governor of Texas, and by the time 2000 came around, he decided to run for President of the U.S.A. George Bush won the Republican nomination and Al Gore won the Democratic nomination. In the general election, Bush won with 271 electoral votes, while Gore got 266, making Bush the 43rd president of the United States of America

Image result for george w bush afghanistanThroughout his presidency, Bush focused on foreign policy. 8 months after he was elected, terrorists flew planes into the twin towers in lower Manhattan.  Congress passed an act called the US Patriot Act, and President Bush officiated it. This act practically gave the government whatever authority they needed/wanted to enforce anti-terrorism.  The “War on Terror” was officially started.  Troops were sent to Afghanistan with the mission of finding and killing Osama Bin Laden and eradicating El Image result for 9-11Quida, the terrorist organization in the middle-east. The Afghani war became the longest in U.S. history.
In 2003, troops were sent to Iraq to help overthrow Saddam Husein and replace the Iraqi government.  Another part of the war was a mission to find the WMDs (weapons of mass destruction) that Bush said the Iraqis had. There were no WMDs found, but about 35,000 Americans died in the Operation for Iraqi Freedom.

Image result for george w bush paintingBush was re-elected in 2004 and was succeeded by Barrack Obama, the 44th president of the United States of America. He now lives at his home in Dallas, Texas with his wife Laura. One of the things that Mr. Bush enjoys doing is painting. (see picture to the right).

*This is my last essay of the year.

 

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9/11/2001

I wrote this essay in the eyes of someone who was there on the September 11th attack.

 

Dear Journal,                                                                                               9/11/2001

Today there was a terrorist attack on the United States of America.  I went to work this morning at my office on the 2nd floor of the south tower in the world trade center.  I was typing away at my desk when I heard a massive boom and the whole building shook. It felt like a house-size wrecking ball had been thrown into the skyscraper.   I ran down the stairs to the first floor, and out the main doors. There were chunks of metal and building raining down, along with ashes and black smoke. I was in my high heels, but you can bet that I ran fast.  I looked at my watch, and it said 8:50 am. I kept running, and I made it to where all the pedestrians were. As I was running, hundreds of fire-fighters were running also. In the opposite direction. I was running away from the disaster, and they were running into it.

When I finally stopped running, I asked someone “What happened? I was in the second floor, I heard and felt a huge boom, and then I ran as fast as I could out of the building”. A man next to me looked at me and said “a passenger jet flew into the building. You can thank God that you were only on the 2nd floor”.  I think that I passed out because I woke up on a stretcher with a firefighter putting something in my arm.  “You’ll be fine,” he said. “You just passed out from the shock”. My head was swimming and my mind couldn’t exactly grasp the situation.  “I was in there” I said. The firefighter helped me down from the stretcher, and I started walking towards my apartment about a mile away.

Just after I started, I heard a noise overhead.  I looked up just in time to see another passenger plane fly diagonally into the second of the twin towers. I sat down on a bench and bawled. 10 minutes or so later, I got up and finished walking to my apartment. I flipped the TV on and saw utter chaos in the streets.  There was a huge cloud of ash and debris and people were running from it.  The reporter on scene started running also, but he said into the microphone “the tower collapsed!”. I flipped the TV off and stared at the wall.  I felt so helpless.

By the time it was noon, I had turned the TV on again. The second tower had collapsed, so had the first tower.  Another airplane had crashed into the Pentagon.

It’s about 9:00 pm right now, and I just saw on TV that this was a terrorist attack.  The President himself said so.  I’m writing this now because I don’t have anyone to talk to or cry with. I’m sure that thousands of people have died today, because of a few bad people who wanted to kill.  I know that a lot of people are emotionally and physically wounded, I know that a lot of kids lost their moms and dads. I feel so blessed that I got out in time, but I am afraid too.

1970’s and 80’s

This week, I learned about the main events, political figures, and societal changes through the 1970s and ’80s. Computers were popularized by the rivaling companies Apple and Microsoft; The World Trade Center was built, and bell-bottom pants were the “in” thing.  Mount Saint Hellens erupted, and the Chernobyl Nuclear plant exploded, killing many people.  The great Ronald Reagan was elected president, and Nixon and the Watergate Scandal rocked the White House.

Apple and Microsoft:
Apple Inc. was founded by Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs.  Wozniak was the computer Image result for early apple computerswhiz, inventing the new computers and software, while Jobs was the businessman, taking care of the business side of the corporation. The two men built a massive business with the iPod, iPhone, Apple Store, iTunes, and many other tech products that you all are probably familiar with.

Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. They came out with the whole Window’s setup. Both companies were responsible for making personal computers a popular household item that everyone has.

 

Popular Music:

Some of the popular singers/musical groups of the day were the Jackson 5, Madonna, Prince, and Lynyrd Skynyrd. Here is a song by Lynyrd Skynyrd called “Sweet Home Alabama”.

Here is one by The Jackson 5:

Two very famous singers died in the 1970s.  Elvis Presley died from a drug O.D. and Bing Crosby died from a heart attack.

Movies:

Popular movies from the 70’s and 80’s were Star Wars (multiple movies), Star Trek, E.T., Indiana Jones, Chariots of Fire, Top Gun, and Driving Miss Daisy.  Star Wars and Star Trek were science fiction, set in outer space. Both of the movies were massive hits, and there are now 10 Star Wars movies. There are 14 Star Trek movies.

 

Fashion:

Ok, so the 70’s and 80’s were totally different fashion-wise.  Some of the popular fashions of the day were turtle-neck shirts, bell-bottom pants, and platform shoes (70’s).  And in the 80’s the “in” things were super tight acid-wash skinny-jeans, miniskirts, leather pants, and Ray-Ban sunglasses.

 

 

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Here are some kid’s fashions from the 70’s

 

 

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Here are some bell-bottom pants from the 70’s

 

 

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1980’s Girls outfits

 

 

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1980’s Hairdo

We can all be glad that the styles have changed quite a bit since the There was some extremely interesting popular clothing, and the hair, well, it was something else.

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Guys styles in the 80’s

 

 

 

 

 

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1980’s Girls outfits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disasters in the 1980’s:
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There were two huge disasters that happened in the 1980s. The first was a volcano in Washington State that erupted, causing a massive mudslide that killed 57 people. The second was a Nuclear plant explosion in Ukraine that made hundreds of acres of land to radio-active to live on or be on.

Mount Saint Helens erupted on May 18th, 1980. Ash spread all over the state, covering things outside with a film of grey. There was an earthquake that made a huge part of the mountain slide away, making the biggest landslide ever recorded. Thousands of acres of land were stripped of vegetation and hundreds of Image resultanimals died in the mud-flow. 57 people died in this tragic disaster. This eruption was one of the largest and most damaging in U.S. history.

The Chernobyl Nuclear plant was in Pripyat, Ukraine.  The man in charge of the plant was overseeing a test, but he tested past the safety guidelines, causing the plant to over-heat and explode.  42 people died in immediate connection to the explosion, but many were affected by the radiation and had cancer problems later.

 

Presidents:

There were a total of 5 presidents of the United States over the course of the 1970s-80s. I don’t have time to summarize the life and times of each president so I will just give a list of their names and the dates of their terms.

Richard Nixon   1969-1974

Gerald Ford    1974-1977

Jimmy Carter    1977-1981

Ronald Reagan    1981-1989

George H. W. Bush    1989-1993

 

I wasn’t alive in the 1970’s and 80’s so it’s kind of hard to know what it was like back then, so if anyone reading this has corrections for me, write a comment down below!

 

 

 

 

Gerald Ford

My name is Gerald Ford, but most folks call me Jerry. I have been a lot of things in my life. College football star, Ensign in the Navy, a Navy Instructor, Congressman, Republican minority leader in the House, Vice President, and President of the United States of America. Pretty full life, I’d say. So, you want to hear my story, huh? Well, here goes.

I was born in my grandparent’s kitchen in a town called Omaha in Nebraska, USA.  They A young boy circa 1916.called me Leslie Lynch King Jr, after my daddy.  That was July of 1913.  My daddy was abusive to my mama and threatened to kill her, so she left just 16 days after I was born and moved to my uncle and aunt’s house.  A little while later, we moved to her mom and daddy’s house and lived there for a few years.

When I was three years old, mama married a man named Gerald Ford.  I was too little to remember when they got married, but Gerald Ford was my dad all the way.  I thought he was my actual dad until my mom told me the whole story when I turned 17. I met my biological dad then, but we never had a real relationship. My mama had un-officially renamed me after my new dad, but when I turned 18, I officially had it changed.

 

A uniformed but helmetless American Football player is shown on a football field. He is in a ready position, with legs in a wide stance and both hands on a football in front of him.All through High school, I played football, and when I graduated, I got into the University of Michigan and played football there. I graduated and went on to Yale law school, where I got my law degree. I was admitted to the Image result for gerald ford navyMichigan Bar in 1941.  I did my lawyering duties for a couple of years, but when the Japanese bombed us in Hawaii, I joined the U.S. Navy. I started as an Ensign and went to Instructor school and Preflight academy. I taught 9 different sports at the pre-flight academy, but I mainly did football, swimming, and boxing. I served in the navy until World War 2 ended.

In 1948, one of the best things in my life happened. I married my sweetheart Elizabeth Warren. The next year, I was elected to the House of Representatives and served for 24 years. 8 of those years were as the House minority leader. That was when Richard Nixon was President.

Nixon’s vice president Spiro Agnew resigned because it came out that he had taken bribes when he was Governor of Maryland and that he had been a part of other criminal activity. In 1973, I got nominated to become Nixon’s Vice President to replace Agnew. I accepted the nomination and started my time in the white house. The White House was full of scandal during that time. Right about the time that I got sworn in as Vice President, the Watergate scandal started coming out, and in 1974, Nixon resigned from the office of President of the United States.

That meant that I was now the President of the U.S. I was sworn in on August 9th, 1974. It was really strange. I became the vice president and then the president without going through the whole campaigning and election process.

I would tell you all about the reforms and acts that were put into action during my Gerald Ford.jpgpresidency, but that would bore you unless you were a layer or politician.  I’ll tell you this though; while I was president, I was the subject of 2 assassination attempts. They were both by women, which is kind of weird.  The first attempt was made by a Charles Manson follower named Lynette Fromme.  She tried to shoot me from less than 5 feet away when I was walking from my hotel to the California State Capital to meet with the Governor.  Thankfully, Ms. Fromme didn’t know how to shoot a handgun very well, so she forgot to rack it to put a round in the chamber.  The other time was in Sacremento, California. A woman named Sara Moore shot at me from across the street when I was walking away from my hotel. She had bought the .45 Cal handgun that morning and didn’t know that the sights were half a foot or so off. She missed the first time, and as she was about to fire a second time, a man named Oliver Sipple saw her and dived for her arm, causing her to miss and hit a wall instead of me.  Sipple was an ex-marine, and man, they are great.

Anyways, I ran for president in 1976, but Jimmy Carter, the Democrat nominee beat me. I retired after I finished my term as president, and am living at my home in Rancho Mirage, California. I’m 85 years old right now, so we’ll see how much longer I’ve got left.

The 1960s Music

The 1960s were a time of serious hippie-ness. There were new (and unimproved) moral standards, new kinds of popular music, new ideas about life, and new worldviews. Today I’m going to be writing about the music from the 1960s. It was mainly a new style called Rock n’ Roll.


The music from the 1960s was exploratory. Lets just say that.  The songwriters started writing music with provocative and unwholesome lyrics. Unfortunately, people loved this, and that style of music became extremely popular.

The Beatles:
One of the most famous musical groups of the day were the Beatles, a band of talented young guys from England who played the new style music called Rock n’ Roll. They came to America and were basically made idols of.  You can hear all the screaming girls in the videos you watch of them.  Here is one of their songs called “I want to hold your hand”.

Elvis Presley:
Another singer from the 60’s is Elvis Presley, the King of Rock n’ Roll.  He was an American truck driver who recorded a couple of songs for his mother at a little recording studio once. The recording artist called him back, recorded some more, and things exploded from there. He started down on the bottom like everyone else, but his fame grew quickly, and soon he was one of the top American singers of the time. Here is a song of his called “Blue Suede Shoes”.

Fred Astaire:

Fred Astaire was a singer, dancer, and actor. He did amazing tap dance routines with and without a partner, sang in many movies and Broadway musicals.  Here is a song called “Puttin’ on the Ritz”

 

Patsy Cline:Patsy Cline

Patsy Cline was a country singer from the 60’s. She is one of the most well known women country singers of all time. Patsy had amazing control of her voice and had a very smooth sound. One of her most well known songs was “I Fall to Pieces”.  Here is one called “Lovesick Blues”.

 

The Man in BlackRelated image:
Johnny Cash was a famous country singer from the 1950s-2000s. Y’all probably know who I’m talkin’ ’bout. Who wouldn’t? He was the Elvis of country music and married the singer/actor June Carter.

Cash was born in February of 1932 in Kingsland, Arkansas.  He grew up in the depression, so his family was pretty poor, but at the age of 18, he joined the U.S. Air-force.  He was honorably discharged 4 years later.

A month after Cash was discharged, he married a girl named Vivian Liberto and had 4 children with her.  Liberto divorced Johnny Cash in 1966. She said it was he drank, did drugs, had affairs, and was constantly touring.  He married June Carter two years later, and they had one child together.  Since June was a singer also, they sang together on stage all the time.  He even proposed to her at a live concert!

After almost 50 years of singing professionally, Johnny Cash died. His style is the classic old country sound, but it’s different from anything else I’ve heard. Here is one of my favorites:

Johnny Cash

The Man in BlackRelated image
Johnny Cash was a famous country singer from the 1950s-2000s. Y’all probably know who I’m talkin’ ’bout. Who wouldn’t? He was the Elvis of country music and married the singer/actor June Carter.

Cash was born in February of 1932 in Kingsland, Arkansas.  He grew up in the depression, so his family was pretty poor, but at the age of 18, he joined the U.S. Air-force.  He was honorably discharged 4 years later.

A month after Cash was discharged, he married a girl named Vivian Liberto and had 4 children with her.  Liberto divorced Johnny Cash in 1966. She said it was he drank, did drugs, had affairs, and was constantly touring.  He married June Carter two years later, and they had one child together.  Since June was a singer also, they sang together on stage all the time.  He even proposed to her at a live concert!

After almost 50 years of singing professionally, Johnny Cash died. His style is the classic old country sound, but it’s different from anything else I’ve heard. Here is one of my favorites:

 

The Korean War

What was the Korean war all about? I had no idea until I started this week’s lessons for History.  I started off by learning about communism and some famous communist leaders (Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong), and then the lessons turned to the Korean War.  It was fought by North Korea, South Korea, and members of the United Nations.  In the end, the borders of the two Koreas didn’t change very much, but the war played a huge part in how the North and South would prosper in the future.  After the war, the Communist North Korea went on to have oppressive and dangerous dictators.  South Korea prospered and industrialized with their democracy and president.

What was the cause of the Korean war? Well, Japan had taken over Korea during their WWII rampage, but when the Allies liberated the Koreans, there was no government in place to run the country. In 1945, when the war ended the U.N. (Untied Nations) temporarily separated the country into North and South Korea.  Soviet and American forces then occupied the two countries.  There was a clash of interests though, because the Soviets were now Communist, and obviously the Americans were Democratic.  This resulted in the some of the Koreans wanting Korea to be Communist (North) and some wanting it to be a democratic government (South).  After only 5 years, North Korea invaded South Korea with the intent to unify the two countries into one Communist nation.

North Korea managed to push South Korea into a tiny area called Pusan, but at that time, the U.N. declared war on North Korea.  They decided on that course of action, because one of the United Nation’s jobs is to keep the world un-oppressed.  Communism was and is extremely oppressive, so the U.N. joined the war on the side of South Korea to stop North Korea from spreading communism and taking over all of Korea.

An American General named Douglass MacArthur was chosen to lead what was called the “Inchon Landing”.  He led his men in a D-Day-like storming just south of the 38th Parallel (the original dividing line between North and South Korea).  The allies (80% Americans) re-captured the South Korean capital and cut off North Korea’s supplies.  After that, they and the South Koreans not only rid the country of the North Korean army, but they pushed the whole opposing army almost out of Korea.  This is where China comes into the picture.  Since the North Koreans were backed up against the Chinese border, it was easy for the communist China to supply them with both men and fighting supplies.  The Chinese-North Korean army then pushed the allies back to the South Korea territory

After a whole lot of back and forth fighting and border change, the final dividing line between the two countries was just above the original 38th parallel line.  In July of 1953, an Armistice (cease fire) was signed, but an actual peace treaty never was, so technically, the war never officially ended.

North Korea stayed communist and has oppressive dictators (Currently, it’s Kim Jong Un), but South Korea is a democratic republic with a president (Moon Jae-in).  Democracy is so important for the well-being of a nation. When there is a dictator, he or she can do anything, kill anyone, make any new law, suppress any religion that they don’t agree with, and oppress the people to a point that nobody wants to live in their country.  I am so blessed to live in the free country of America.

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Map of the Korean War.
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Here is a picture of the difference between North and South Korea today.  North is above, with practically no lights on, and South Korea is below.